What is Cannabis and what are the different types?

Cannabis comes from a cannabis plant.  In the past, the plant was known as the cannabis sativa.  While there are a variety of different plants around, their botanical name always began with cannabis sativa.

However, nowadays, each individual ‘type’ of cannabis has its own name and is regarded as separate to cannabis sativa, although they do all have the same roots.

The active ingredient in cannabis is known as delta-9 tetrahydro-cannabinol.  Of course, this is a bit of a mouthful, so you can just call it THC.

The potency of THC will differ between the various cannabis plants, and we are going to touch upon that on this page.  As you may well know, there are three different ways in which cannabis can be consumed.

Each of them is made from a different part of the plant. This means that the amount of THC can vary drastically between them:

– Marijuana is made from the dried leaves and flowers of the plant.

This part is normally smoked.  There is little THC in this, at least in comparison to the rest of the plant.  Many edibles are also made from marijuana.

– Hashish: this comes from the resin of the plant.

The resin will be dried and then compacted tightly into small squares. It is then smoked.  You can also add hashish to your food. This is going to be a lot more potent than the marijuana.
– Hash oil: this is also an oil taken from the plant.

In fact, it is a thick oil which is produced from hashish.  It is very, very potent.  This is normally smoked.  Sativa is what most people see as cannabis.

Throughout recorded history, people have been growing and consuming Sativa products.  It was not until 1753 that it first managed to become classified by botanists, however.

While most people associated cannabis sativa with its drug use, there are plenty of other reasons as to why the plant is grown throughout the world.

For example; hempseed oil is regularly used for cooking or for the creation of paints.  The seeds are often added to birdseed as they provide a decent amount of nutrients.

In addition to this, we can make hemp from the plant.  There are 113 cannabinoids in Sativa. These are compounds which have an impact on brain chemistry.

Of course, the most prevalent of those is THC.  Another key compound (which we are going to discuss in a short while) is cannabidiol (CBD) which can block the impact of the THC on the nervous system.

There are a variety of different ‘strains’ of Sativa, each of them has differing amounts of these cannabinoids.

This strain and type is great for:

– Day time use
– If you want to feel a bit more euphoric i.e. to perk you up.

 

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